Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens bones to the point where they break easily especially bones in the hip, backbone (spine), and wrist. Osteoporosis is called the “silent disease” you may not notice any changes until a bone breaks. Who is susceptible to getting osteoporosis and how can you tell if you have it?
Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens bones to the point where they break easily especially bones in the hip, backbone (spine), and wrist. Osteoporosis is called the “silent disease” you may not notice any changes until a bone breaks. But your bones have been losing strength over many years.
Bone is living tissue. To keep bones strong, the body is always breaking down old bone and replacing it with new tissue. As people enter their 40’s and 50’s, more bone is broken down than is replaced. A close look at the inside of the bone would show something that looks like a honeycomb. When you have osteoporosis, the spaces in this honeycomb grow larger. The outer shell of your bones also gets thinner. All this makes your bones weaker.
Who Gets Osteoporosis?
Ten million Americans have osteoporosis, and eight million of them are women. About 34 million more have osteopenia. This means they don’t have osteoporosis yet but have lost enough bone to make them more likely to get it. One in two women and one in eight men over age 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture during their lives. White and Asian women are most likely to get osteoporosis. Other women at great risk include those who:
· have a family history of the disease,
· have not gotten enough calcium throughout their lives,
· had an early menopause,
· had surgery to remove their ovaries,
· had extended bed rest,
· used certain medicines for a long time, or
· have small body frames.
The risk of osteoporosis grows as you get older. Bone loss may begin slowly in some people when they are in their late thirties. At the time of menopause, women may lose bone quickly for several years. Then the loss may continue but more slowly. As men age, they do not have the same kinds of striking hormone changes as women do in mid-life because they do not have menopause. In men, the loss of bone mass occurs more slowly. But, by age 65 or 70 men and women are losing bone at the same rate.
How Do I Know If I Am Losing Bone?
Losing height or having a bone break easily is often the first sign of osteoporosis. But it doesn’t need to be. Bone density is a term that describes how solid your bones are. Ordinary x-rays do not show bone loss until a large amount of bone mass is gone. The best way to measure bone density is by a DEXA-scan (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry). Ask your doctor about this test if you think you are at risk for osteoporosis or if you are a woman around the age of menopause or older.
Osteoporosis: A Silent Killer Of Bones
Osteoporosis is a bone disease. It is virtually a disease on account of which the bones generally become fragile and weak. Osteoporosis if not taken proper care of lead may to the breakage of the bones thus leading to a fracture. Osteoporosis generally is found to be very much typical in certain parts of the body, say for instance in the hips, wrists, spinal cord, and also in the vertebras. Osteoporosis is like a silent killer that attacks an individual without prior symptoms.
Simply a sneezing, a tight hug, stepping, bending down to get something can cause Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is also known by another name called “porous bone.” Certain factors are associated with Osteoporosis. These factors are termed as “Risk Factors.” Some of the factors are as mentioned below:
o Gender: Gender plays a major concern in the occurrence of Osteoporosis. Females have a more probability of being attacked with Osteoporosis than the male generation. Sometimes Osteoporosis is also related to menopause. Osteoporosis is estimated to have been attacking the womenfolk as and when they reach the stage of menopause. Thus when a woman reaches the age of around 45 years and when she is attacked with menopause that is when she experiences the stoppage of menstruation, the velocity of Osteoporosis is found to be more.
o Age: Age is yet another risk factor of Osteoporosis. The more a person advances in age, the more is the risk of being attacked with Osteoporosis. It is generally during the old age that the bones become very much weak and fragile and thus they are prone to get attacked with Osteoporosis.
o Body dimensions: Women with thin and lean body physique have more the chance of being attacked with Osteoporosis.
o Ethnicity: Ethnicity plays a major role in respect of Osteoporosis. Here we can state that Asian as well as the Caucasian women folk has a high risk of Osteoporosis then when compared to American, African, and Latin women.
o Hereditary: Family history is also adversely related to Osteoporosis. The present generation whose fore-fathers suffered from Osteoporosis has more risk of Osteoporosis.
Besides these, anorexia, certain medications, smoking of cigarette, excessive drinking of alcohol, and also maintenance of a low lifetime diet with less amount of vitamin D and calcium also causes Osteoporosis.
As it is always said that prevention is better than cure, thus Osteoporosis can also be prevented by undertaking certain precautions in the early stage of one’s development. As the demand for calcium is found to be very high in the growing stage of one’s development, thus a good amount of calcium products should be undertaken from the early developmental stages. Inadequacy of calcium in one’s body has a greater prospect to be affected by Osteoporosis. So it is always advisable to undertake certain calcium products in one’s diet like yogurt, milk, cheese, ice cream, green and leafy vegetables, like broccoli, spinach, etc, fish like salmon and sardines, dry fruits like almonds, juices, and squash, etc. Thus according to the different stages of one’s development right from the stage of infancy to old age, the intake of calcium should be adjusted accordingly to prevent Osteoporosis.