When you are pregnant, you want to make sure that your baby is healthy and that your pregnancy is proceeding without any complications, don’t you? But the journey of pregnancy is not easy. There are some conditions that nobody is aware of but they happen. Fifth disease is one such condition that can affect a woman during pregnancy. Let’s discuss this condition in detail.

What Is Fifth Disease?

Fifth disease is a viral infection which is caused by parvovirus b19 during pregnancy or in one’s childhood. The person affected with this disease may get a mild rash on their arms, legs, or cheeks. It is usually characterised by a ‘slapped cheek’ rash. It is a common childhood illness which can get transferred through bodily fluids, coughing, or sneezing. Although it is not a problem during childhood, if is a pregnant woman has this disease, it may affect her baby if not treated in time.

What Causes Fifth Disease?

Fifth disease is caused by parvovirus B19. It is a communicable disease and an infected person could spread it by coughing or sneezing. A person will usually develop the fifth disease between 4 to 14 days after getting infected by the virus.

What Are the Various Symptoms of Fifth Disease in Pregnancy?

The symptoms and signs that confirm the fifth disease are mentioned below:

  1. A sore throat
  2. Fever
  3. A headache
  4. Sore joints which do not heal for weeks or months
  5. A rash which looks like a slapped cheek during pregnancy on the legs, stomach, cheeks, and neck.

Mostly, the red rash appears in children while adults experience the other symptoms.

A pregnant woman with a cold and sore throat

Tests for Fifth Disease during Pregnancy

When you suspect that you might have fifth disease during pregnancy because of being exposed to an affected person or a person exhibiting the symptoms, your primary concern should be for your unborn child. As soon as you notice the symptoms, contact a medical expert. He or she will administer a blood test in order to test for fifth disease. Parvovirus B19 can be scanned to check whether:

How Is Fifth Disease Diagnosed during Pregnancy?

To diagnose whether you have fifth during pregnancy or not, your doctor will ask you to do extra ultrasounds during 8–12 weeks of your pregnancy, so that she can keep an eye for any potential pregnancy complications that may occur. If an ultrasound reveals signs of an infection in your baby, your health care provider will suggest a cordocentesis or amniocentesis to confirm the illness and find out its degree of severity.

  • You are immune to the virus and show no recent symptom of infection.
  • If you have had a recent infection

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