5. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors: These types of medications help to prolong the effects of levodopa by blocking brain enzymes that deplete dopamine.
The side effects are the same as taking levodopa, mainly involuntary movements and diarrhea.
6. Anticholinergics: Traditionally, anticholinergics have been used over the years to help combat tremors commonly experienced in Parkinson’s disease patients.
However, side effects such as confusion, hallucinations, memory loss, constipation, and urination problems are often more troublesome than the tremors.
7. Amantadine: Amantadine can be prescribed to patients in the early stages of Parkinson’s to offer relief from their symptoms. In can also be taken in combination with carbidopa-levodopa in the later stages of the disease to help control side effects such as involuntary movements.
8. Deep brain stimulation: Most regularly used in advanced cases of Parkinson’s disease for patients who no longer respond to levodopa, deep brain stimulation involves the insertion of electrodes in the brain which are connected to a generator implanted in the chest area. The electrical pulses sent from the generator to the electrodes can reduce the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
The surgery carries serious risks such as brain hemorrhage, stroke, and infection. In addition, patients may need the equipment adjusting or parts replaced which involves more surgery.
NOTE: This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.