You’ll need to keep up with your usual medical care, but some natural remedies might help relieve pain and stiffness from rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Many of them are simple, like using heat and ice packs. Others, like acupuncture, need a trained pro.

If you want to try natural and home remedies, ask your doctor what would be most helpful for you and if there are any limits on what’s OK for you to try. If he gives you the go-ahead, you might want to look into some of these common treatments:

Heat and Cold

Many doctors recommend heat and cold treatments to ease rheumatoid arthritis symptoms. Each offers different benefits:

Cold: It curbs joint swelling and inflammation. Apply an ice pack to the affected joint during an RA flare-up, for instance. Just don’t overdo it. Apply the cold compress for 15 minutes at a time. Take at least a 30-minute break between treatments.

Heat: It relaxes your muscles and spurs blood flow. You can use a moist heating pad or a warm, damp towel. Many people like using microwaveable hot packs. Don’t go too hot. Your skin shouldn’t burn. You can also use heat therapy in the shower. Let the warm water hit the painful area on your body. That may help soothe it. A hot tub is another good way to relax stiff muscles. Just don’t use hot tubs or spas if you have high blood pressure, heart disease, or are pregnant.

Magnets

Magnet therapies come in a variety of forms, such as bracelets, necklaces, inserts, pads, or disks. You can find them at most natural food stores.

Most research on magnets involves people with osteoarthritis, the wear-and-tear type of arthritis linked to aging, not RA.

In people with knee and hip osteoarthritis, some early studies have shown they improved joint pain better than a placebo. Doctors don’t know exactly how magnets might relieve pain, and there’s no clear proof that they actually help people with rheumatoid arthritis.

Acupuncture

This traditional form of Chinese medicine is one of the oldest natural painremedies around. It uses super-fine needles to stimulate energy along pathways in your body called meridians. The goal is to correct imbalances of energy, or qi (pronounced “chee”). There isn’t a lot of research specific to RA, although studies do show it lowers levels of chemicals in your body linked to inflammation. It also helps with chronic pain, especially back pain. It may also help with osteoarthritis.

Since it involves needles that need to be clean and properly placed, ask your rheumatologist to recommend a practitioner who works with people that have RA.

Aromatherapy

This natural treatment doesn’t appear to affect pain levels or chemicals that cause inflammation. But it might boost your mood. One small study found lemon scent might boost your mood, but that’s about it. Essential oils can be a nice addition to a massage. Be careful if you apply them to your skin or let someone else do it. Some are known irritants. Try a test patch to see how you react. Don’t use it on broken or damaged skin.

Biofeedback

This technique helps you learn to control automatic responses such as heart rate and blood pressure. You do it with sensors on your body, which send information to a monitor. A therapist teaches you how to control your reaction to stresses.

Deep Breathing

Take slow breaths from your belly. It can calm you and turn off the stress receptors that tighten your muscles and make pain worse. Plus, when you focus on your breathing, you take your brain away from thoughts about pain.

Exercise

You may not feel like moving, but it’s good for you. It won’t make your RA worse, and it could lower the swelling in your joints and help ease your pain. Talk to your doctor or a physical therapist before you get started. They can help create the right program for you. It’ll probably focus on:

  • Aerobics, like walking or swimming, to get your heart moving
  • Strength training, to keep the muscles around your joints strong
  • Range-of-motion exercises to help your joints move like they should
  • Balance moves to help you avoid stumbles and falls

Massage

This natural remedy dates back thousands of years. But modern science does show it can help ease pain. There are many different types. You’ll want to talk to your doctor before you try it. You can also ask for recommendations. It’s good to get a massage therapist who’s worked with people that have RA. Let him know if you have any sore spots he needs to avoid. You can also ask him not to use scented products that could irritate your skin.

Meditation

This technique can be as simple as focusing on your breathing and just noticing each inhale and exhale. It doesn’t require any spiritual beliefs, and it isn’t about being super-calm. Anyone can do it, and only a few minutes can make a difference. Your mind will almost certainly wander. That’s OK. Just return your attention to your breath, or whatever else you choose to focus on.

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