Margaret Bourke-White, photographer
The American globetrotter and Time Magazine photographer – best known as the first foreigner to photograph the USSR’s five-year plan – announced her Parkinson’s diagnosis at a time when public discussion about serious illness was unusual, and is seen as the first ‘celebrity’ to publicly acknowledge Parkinson’s.
Despite first experiencing symptoms in 1952, when she was 48 years old, Bourke-White continued her work and made a magazine spread about her experience of the illness called ‘Famous Lady’s Indomitable Fight’, which appeared in Life magazine in 1959. Throughout her life, Bourke-White never stopped fighting and underwent a series of operations, including Chemothalamectomy, which alleviated her symptoms. She died in 1971 due to her Parkinson’s.
Sonia Rykiel, fashion designer
The renowned French fashion designer was diagnosed with Parkinson’s at 66. She initially kept her condition a secret, continuing to run the fashion label and store she had founded in 1968 until the age of 81, when she passed them on to her daughter. That same year, she announced her diagnosis and wrote a book entitled ‘N’oubliez Pas Que Je Joue’ (‘Don’t Forget it’s a Game’). Rykiel died from Parkinson’s complications in 2016.
Maurice White, musician
Founder, producer and co-leader of the 1960s R&B group Earth, Wind and Fire, Maurice White, was diagnosed with Parkinson’s in 1992, at the age of 50. The illness did not stop him from touring, and he continued to work until 1995. During his long career, he won seven Grammy awards and worked with artists including Neil Diamond, Deniece Williams, Barbara Streisand and Cher. White died at the age of 74, in his sleep.
Michael Fox and Laura Carmichael, actors
Downton Abbey stars Michael Fox and Laura Carmichael are both active supporters of the charity Parkinson’s UK. Carmichael introduced Fox to the charity on set, as she’d supported them for some years due to her grandmother’s diagnosis.
Fox’s aunt was diagnosed with the disease at the age of 42. The English actor, who was 10 at the time of diagnosis, has said his aunt is “the bravest person I know. You can see the effect that Parkinson’s has on her body, but it doesn’t stop her doing anything.”
Francisco Segura, tennis player
Francisco Segura, commonly known as ‘Pancho’, was a leading Ecuadorean tennis player in the 1940s and 1950s – best known for coaching US tennis player Jimmy Connors. His survival story made his successful 20-year career even more remarkable. Segura was born with bowed legs and suffered from malaria, but thrived on the tennis court. He died in 2017 at the age of 96.
Graham Norton, television presenter
The well-known British presenter and TV personality lost his father William Walker to Parkinson’s in 2006 – only seven years after Walker’s diagnosis. In an interview, Norton described Parkinson’s as a “cruel condition” and said it made his formerly powerfully built father become “like a baby bird that had fallen from the nest”. Norton made a film for Parkinson’s UK in 2013.
Jenni Murray, radio broadcaster
Dame Jenni Murray, the British journalist and broadcaster who has presented BBC Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour since 1987, said her mother’s diagnosis with Parkinson’s brought them closer together. Murray’s mother, Winifred Bailey, was diagnosed with Parkinson’s at 70 and died ten years later. Murray has spoken of the difficulties that her mother faced: “Most upsetting for her was the effect on her speech. She loved to gossip or debate ideas, and she prided herself on her lovely voice and precise articulation.”